Human metapneumovirus (HMPV): Symptoms & Treatment
Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV)
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a common respiratory virus that can cause respiratory tract infections, particularly in young children, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems. Symptoms can include cough, runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, fever, wheezing, fatigue, headache, and muscle or joint pain. HMPV is spread through contact with respiratory secretions and contaminated surfaces. Treatment is typically supportive, with rest and hydration, and antibiotics and antiviral medications are generally not effective against HMPV infections. Prevention involves good hygiene practices and avoiding close contact with sick people. Vaccines are not currently available for HMPV infections, but research is ongoing.
Symptoms of human metapneumovirus (HMPV)
Symptoms of HMPV infection can include:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- Wheezing or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or joint pain
Treatment And Prevention of human metapneumovirus (HMPV)
Treatment of HMPV infection is typically supportive, with rest, hydration, and fever-reducing medications as needed. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections, and antiviral medications are generally not used for HMPV infections. In severe cases, hospitalization and supportive care, such as oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation, may be necessary.
Prevention of HMPV infection involves good hygiene practices, such as regular hand washing and covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick. Vaccines are not currently available for HMPV infections, but research is ongoing in this area.