Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV): Symptoms & Treatment

Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV)

Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV): Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) has a group of viruses that can cause respiratory infections, particularly in young children. There are four types of HPIV, each of which can cause a range of respiratory illnesses, from mild cold-like symptoms to severe pneumonia HPIV is spread through contact with respiratory secretions, such as through coughing or sneezing, or by touching contaminated surfaces and then touching the eyes, nose, or mouth. 

Symptoms of Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV)

Symptoms of HPIV infection can vary depending on the type of virus and the severity of the illness, but can include:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Wheezing or difficulty breathing, particularly in young children
  • Hoarse voice
  • Ear infection

Treatment And Prevention of Human parainfluenza virus (HPIV)

Treatment of HPIV infection is typically supportive, with rest, hydration, and fever-reducing medications as needed. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections, and antiviral medications are generally not used for HPIV infections. In severe cases, hospitalization and supportive care, such as oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation, may be necessary.

Prevention of HPIV infection involves good hygiene practices, such as regular hand washing and covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, and avoiding close contact with people who are sick. Vaccines are not currently available for HPIV infections.

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