Medicines For Adhesive Bowel Obstruction

Gastrografin is used for adhesive small bowel obstruction and it is Hypertonic water-soluble radiologic contrast.
Reference: Role of Gastrografin in Patients With Small Bowel Obstruction.

Medications and Treatment for Adhesive Bowel Obstruction: Alleviating Intestinal Blockages

Adhesive bowel obstruction is a serious medical condition that occurs when scar tissue, known as adhesions, forms within the abdomen and leads to a blockage in the intestines. This obstruction can result in intense abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. In this article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available treatment options for adhesive bowel obstruction.

Understanding Adhesive Bowel Obstruction

Adhesive bowel obstruction emerges when adhesions—bands of scar tissue—develop and adhere together, causing a blockage within the intestines. Adhesions are commonly a consequence of surgical procedures or inflammation within the abdominal region.

Causes and Risk Factors

The formation of adhesions contributing to bowel obstruction is frequently linked to surgical interventions like abdominal or pelvic surgeries. Other risk factors encompass infections, endometriosis, and inflammatory conditions.

Symptoms of Adhesive Bowel Obstruction

The symptoms of adhesive bowel obstruction can be severe and encompass:

  • Abdominal Pain: Sharp abdominal pain or severe cramps.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Persistent feelings of nausea followed by vomiting.
  • Bloating: Swelling and discomfort in the abdominal area.
  • Inability to Pass Gas or Stool: Due to the intestinal blockage.

Diagnosis and Evaluation

Diagnosing adhesive bowel obstruction involves a combination of the patient’s medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests. X-rays, CT scans, and occasionally barium contrast studies aid in visualizing the obstruction and its severity.

Non-Surgical Treatment Options

For mild cases of adhesive bowel obstruction where complete blockage is not present, conservative treatment measures may be attempted.

Nasogastric Suction:

Introducing a nasogastric tube via the nose into the stomach assists in alleviating intestinal pressure and minimizing vomiting.

Fasting and Intravenous Fluids:

Patients might be advised to abstain from eating and drinking temporarily while receiving essential fluids through an intravenous route.

Surgical Treatment

When the obstruction is severe or non-surgical methods prove ineffective, surgical intervention becomes necessary. The objective of surgery is to eliminate the adhesions and reinstate proper intestinal functionality.


Though medications cannot directly eliminate adhesions, they can contribute to symptom management and facilitate recovery:

Pain Management Medications:

Prescription pain relievers aid in handling the acute abdominal pain linked with adhesive bowel obstruction.

Anti-Nausea Medications:

Medications designed to control nausea and vomiting provide relief and avert potential complications.


In the presence of an infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to address the underlying infection and forestall further complications.

Recovery and Post-Treatment Care

Following surgery or non-surgical interventions, patients require a recovery period. Adhering to healthcare provider directives pertaining to diet, physical activity, and medication usage is imperative.


Preventing adhesive bowel obstruction involves meticulous surgical techniques to curtail adhesion formation. Incorporating laparoscopic procedures and deploying adhesion barriers during surgery can mitigate the associated risk.


Adhesive bowel obstruction is a grave medical condition necessitating immediate attention. Timely diagnosis and suitable treatment—whether surgical or non-surgical—can alleviate symptoms and avert potential complications. By understanding the causative factors and available treatment modalities, individuals can make informed decisions concerning their healthcare and embark on a path towards successful recovery.

Create Health Post