Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition where the kidneys gradually lose their function over time. The kidneys are important organs that filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood, and they play a crucial role in maintaining the body’s overall health. CKD is a serious condition that can lead to complications such as high blood pressure, anemia, nerve damage, and bone disease. The causes of CKD vary, but some common risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, and obesity. In some cases, CKD may also be caused by genetic factors, infections, or certain medications.
Symptoms of Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
Symptoms of CKD may not be noticeable in the early stages of the disease, but as it progresses, patients may experience symptoms such as fatigue, swelling in the legs and feet, difficulty concentrating, and decreased urine output.
Diagnosis of Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
The diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) involves several steps, including a medical history review, physical examination, and laboratory tests. The following are some of the common methods used to diagnose CKD:
- Medical history review: The healthcare provider will review the patient’s medical history, including any past or current medical conditions, medications, and family history of kidney disease.
- Physical examination: The healthcare provider will conduct a physical exam to check for signs of kidney disease, such as swelling in the legs and feet or high blood pressure.
- Blood tests: Blood tests are used to measure the level of waste products, such as creatinine, in the blood. Higher levels of creatinine in the blood may indicate that the kidneys are not functioning properly.
- Urine tests: Urine tests are used to measure the level of protein and other substances in the urine. Higher levels of protein in the urine may indicate that the kidneys are damaged and not functioning properly.
- Imaging tests: Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound or CT scan, may be used to visualize the kidneys and check for any structural abnormalities or damage.
- Kidney biopsy: In some cases, a kidney biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis of CKD and determine the underlying cause of the disease. A small piece of kidney tissue is removed and examined under a microscope in a kidney biopsy,
Based on the results of these tests, the healthcare provider will determine the stage of CKD and develop a treatment plan to manage the disease and prevent complications. It is important for individuals at risk of CKD to undergo regular screening and testing to detect the disease in its early stages when it is more easily treatable.
Treatment of Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
Treatment for CKD aims to slow down the progression of the disease and manage symptoms. This may include lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and controlling blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Medications may also be prescribed to manage symptoms or to reduce the risk of complications.
In some cases, patients with advanced CKD may require dialysis or a kidney transplant to replace the lost kidney function. Dialysis involves using a machine to filter the blood, while a kidney transplant involves surgically transplanting a healthy kidney from a donor into the patient’s body.
Prevention of Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
Prevention is key when it comes to CKD. Lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking can help reduce the risk of developing CKD. Early detection and treatment can also help slow down the progression of the disease and prevent complications.
Medicines used for Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
- Alpha Ketoanalogue
- Acetylcysteine + Pyridoxamine dihydrochloride