Chronic non-healing wounds

Chronic non-healing wounds are wounds that do not heal within the expected time frame of normal wound healing, typically within 4 to 6 weeks. These types of wounds can be caused by a variety of factors, such as poor circulation, diabetes, obesity, infection, poor nutrition, and other underlying medical conditions. Chronic wounds can be further classified based on their underlying cause, such as pressure ulcers, venous stasis ulcers, arterial ulcers, and diabetic foot ulcers. These types of wounds can cause significant pain, discomfort, and impaired mobility, and can even lead to serious complications such as infection, gangrene, and amputation.

Symptoms of Chronic non-healing wounds

Chronic non-healing wounds are wounds that do not show significant improvement in healing within a reasonable timeframe, usually after 4-6 weeks of standard wound care. Some common symptoms of chronic non-healing wounds include:

  • Persistent pain in the affected area
  • Slow or no progress in wound healing
  • Recurring infections or drainage from the wound
  • Swelling or redness around the wound
  • Increased warmth or heat around the wound
  • Presence of dead or discolored tissue (necrosis) in the wound
  • Foul odor coming from the wound
  • Development of a thick, yellowish, or greenish fluid (pus) in the wound
  • Formation of a hard, raised lump (hypertrophic scar) around the wound
  • Development of a tunneling wound or sinus tract, which is a narrow channel that extends from the surface of the wound into the deeper tissue.

If you have a wound that is not healing or showing any of the above symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention from a healthcare professional as soon as possible.

Diagnose of Chronic non-healing wounds

The diagnosis of chronic non-healing wounds involves a comprehensive evaluation of the wound and the patient’s medical history. The healthcare provider will perform a physical examination and ask about the patient’s symptoms and medical history. Some of the diagnostic tests that may be performed to diagnose chronic non-healing wounds include:

  • Wound assessment: The healthcare provider will examine the wound, noting the size, location, depth, and any signs of infection or inflammation.
  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasounds may be performed to evaluate the extent and depth of the wound, as well as to look for any underlying bone or tissue damage.
  • Blood tests: Blood tests may be ordered to check for underlying medical conditions that could be contributing to the wound’s inability to heal, such as diabetes, anemia, or autoimmune disorders.
  • Wound cultures: A sample of the wound fluid may be taken and sent to a laboratory for analysis to identify any bacterial or fungal infections that may be impeding healing.
  • Biopsy: A small sample of tissue from the wound may be removed and examined under a microscope to identify any underlying conditions, such as cancer or vasculitis, that could be causing the wound not to heal.

The healthcare provider will use the results of these diagnostic tests to determine the underlying cause of the chronic non-healing wound and develop a treatment plan.

Treatment of chronic non-healing wounds

The treatment of chronic non-healing wounds depends on the underlying cause of the wound. Some common treatments include:

  • Wound debridement: This involves removing dead or damaged tissue from the wound to promote healing.
  • Infection control: Treat any underlying infections with antibiotics or antifungal medications.
  • Offloading: Taking pressure off the wound by using special devices such as crutches, walkers, or specialized footwear.
  • Moist wound healing: Keeping the wound moist by using specialized dressings, which promote tissue growth and prevent infection.
  • Negative pressure wound therapy: Using a vacuum-assisted closure device to draw out excess fluid and promote wound healing.
  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy: This involves breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized chamber, which can promote wound healing by increasing oxygen levels in the body.
  • Skin substitutes: Using biological or synthetic materials to replace damaged tissue and promote wound healing.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue, repair underlying structures, or promote wound closure.

It is important to note that the treatment of chronic non-healing wounds is often a complex and multifaceted process that requires a team of healthcare professionals, including wound care specialists, podiatrists, and surgeons. It is essential to work closely with your healthcare team to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses your specific needs and underlying medical conditions.

Prevention of chronic non-healing wounds

Prevention of chronic non-healing wounds involves a combination of lifestyle changes and good wound care practices. Some preventive measures include:

  • Manage underlying medical conditions: Control chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and autoimmune disorders that can affect wound healing.
  • Maintain good nutrition: Eat a healthy diet that includes adequate protein, vitamins, and minerals to promote wound healing.
  • Quit smoking: Smoking can impede wound healing by reducing blood flow and oxygen delivery to the affected area.
  • Protect the skin: Prevent skin breakdown and injuries by wearing appropriate footwear, padding pressure points, and using assistive devices if needed.
  • Treat wounds promptly: Seek medical attention for any wound that is not healing within a reasonable time frame, especially if there are signs of infection or inflammation.
  • Practice good wound care: Keep the wound clean and moist, change dressings regularly, and avoid using harsh chemicals or antiseptics that can damage the tissue.
  • Stay active: Regular exercise can improve blood flow and promote wound healing.

By following these preventive measures, you can reduce the risk of developing chronic non-healing wounds and promote better overall health and well-being.

Medicines used for chronic non-healing wounds

  • Placenta Extracts