Colon cancer : Symptoms,Treatment & medicines
Colon cancer starts in the large intestine (colon). Primarily Colon cancer affects the colon but sometimes it affects the rectum also. Colon cancer is uncontrolled growth inside the colon called polyps. Regular screening tests help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before turning them into colon cancer.
Causes of Colon Cancer
The exact cause of colon cancer is not known, but there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing the disease. These include age, family history, a diet high in red meat and processed foods, smoking, and a sedentary lifestyle. In addition, certain medical conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and inherited syndromes, can also increase the risk of developing colon cancer.
Symptoms of colon Cancer
The most common symptoms include persistent abdominal pain or discomfort, changes in bowel habits, rectal bleeding or blood in the stool, unexplained weight loss, fatigue or weakness, and iron deficiency anemia. Early detection is key to successful treatment, so it is important to speak to a doctor if experiencing any of these symptoms.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Colon Cancer
If colon cancer is suspected, your doctor may recommend a series of tests to confirm the diagnosis. These may include a colonoscopy, a CT scan, or a biopsy of the affected area. Once a diagnosis has been made, the treatment plan will depend on the stage and location of cancer, as well as the individual’s overall health.
In most cases, the primary treatment for colon cancer is surgery to remove the affected part of the colon or rectum. Depending on the stage of the cancer, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be recommended to help destroy any remaining cancer cells and prevent the cancer from returning.
Prevention of Colon Cancer
There is no guaranteed way yet to prevent colon cancer, so there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk.. These include:
- Maintaining a healthy diet high in fiber and low in red meat and processed foods
Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight
- Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
- Getting screened regularly for colon cancer, particularly if you have a family history of the disease
- Regular screening is especially important for individuals over the age of 50, as the risk of developing colon cancer increases with age
Medicines used for colon Cancer
Capecitabine + Cyclophosphamide