corns: Symptoms,Treatment & medicines
Corns are a common condition that affects the feet. They are areas of thickened, hardened skin that develop in response to pressure or friction. Corns are typically round or oval in shape, and they can be yellow, white, or gray in color. They often develop on the tops or sides of toes, but they can also form on the soles of the feet or in between toes.
Types of Corns
There are two main corns: hard corns and soft corns. Hard corns are the most common type and they typically develop on the tops of toes or on the balls of the feet. They are made up of a hard, thick center that is surrounded by an area of inflamed skin. Soft corns, on the other hand, are usually found in between the toes. They are softer and more pliable than hard corns, and they are often whitish or grayish in color.
Cause of Corns
Corns can be caused by a following of factors. One of the most common causes is wearing shoes that are too tight or too narrow, which can put pressure on the toes and cause corns to form. Other causes include wearing shoes without socks, wearing high heels or other shoes that don’t provide enough support, and having a deformity of the foot or toes.
Symptoms of Corns
The symptoms of corns may be different depending on the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:
- Thickened or hardened skin: Corns are characterized by an area of thickened, hardened skin. This skin may be yellow, white, or gray in color, and it may have a rough or bumpy texture.
- Pain or discomfort: Corns can cause pain or discomfort when pressure is applied to the affected area. This may be especially noticeable when wearing shoes or walking.
- Redness or inflammation: In some cases, corns may become red or inflamed due to irritation or pressure on the skin.
- Burning or tingling sensations: Some people may experience a burning or tingling sensation in the affected area.
- Difficulty wearing shoes: Corns can make it difficult to wear certain types of shoes, especially those that are tight or narrow.
Treatment for Corns
Treatment for corns depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, simply changing footwear or using protective padding may be enough to relieve symptoms. In more severe cases, a doctor may need to remove the corn or prescribe medication to reduce inflammation and pain.
Prevention of Corns
Preventing corns from forming in the first place is the best way to avoid the condition. This can be done by wearing shoes that fit properly and provide adequate support, wearing socks with shoes, and avoiding high heels or other shoes that put excessive pressure on the toes. Maintaining good foot hygiene, such as washing feet regularly and keeping them dry, can also help prevent the formation of corns.
Medicines For Corns
- Salicylic acid: This is a type of medication that can help dissolve the hard, thickened skin that forms corn. Salicylic acid is available over the counter in different forms such as creams, ointments, and patches.
- Urea: This is another medication that can help soften and remove corns. Urea creams or ointments are available over-the-counter.
- Pads: Non-medicated corn pads can be used to reduce pressure and friction on the corn. These pads can be placed directly over the corn or between the toes to cushion the affected area.
- Antibiotics: If the corn becomes infected, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to help clear the infection.
Note: It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before using any medication to treat corns, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.