Tooth pain (dental pain): Symptoms, Treatment & medicines

Tooth pain (dental pain)

Tooth pain is discomfort or a sharp sensation that is felt in or around a tooth. It can range from mild to severe and can be caused by a variety of factors such as tooth decay, gum disease, a cracked or broken tooth, or an abscess. Tooth pain can be constant or intermittent and can be exacerbated by eating or drinking hot or cold substances. It is often described as a sharp, shooting, or throbbing sensation and can be accompanied by swelling, sensitivity to pressure, or a bad taste in the mouth.

What is the main cause of Tooth pain?

Tooth pain can have many causes, but the most common cause is tooth decay. When bacteria in the mouth break down sugars and starches from food, they produce acid that can eat away at the tooth enamel and cause cavities. If the decay reaches the inner layers of the tooth where the nerves and blood vessels are located, it can lead to tooth pain.

Other common causes of tooth pain include gum disease, which can cause inflammation and recession of the gums, exposing the sensitive roots of the teeth. A cracked or broken tooth can also cause tooth pain, as can an abscess, which is a pus-filled pocket that forms at the root of a tooth and can cause severe pain and swelling. Grinding or clenching of teeth, tooth sensitivity, and impacted wisdom teeth are also common causes of tooth pain.

Symptoms of tooth pain

Tooth pain can have various symptoms depending on the underlying cause, but some common ones include sharp or throbbing pain, sensitivity to hot or cold, pain when biting or chewing, swelling or redness, bad taste or unpleasant breath odor, and visible damage to the tooth. It’s important to see a dentist if you experience tooth pain as it can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition.

how to diagnose Tooth pain?

To diagnose tooth pain, a dentist will typically perform a thorough oral examination, which may include:

  • Review of symptoms: The dentist will ask you about your symptoms, such as when the pain started, how severe it is, and whether anything makes it better or worse.
  • Visual inspection: The dentist will visually inspect the affected tooth, looking for signs of decay, damage, or infection.
  • X-rays: The dentist may take X-rays of the affected tooth and surrounding areas to check for hidden signs of damage or decay.
  • Dental instruments: The dentist may use dental instruments to gently tap on the affected tooth, check for sensitivity or test for mobility.
  • Gum probing: The dentist may use a probe to measure the depth of the spaces between your teeth and gums, which can help diagnose gum disease.

Based on the results of the examination, the dentist will be able to determine the underlying cause of the tooth pain and recommend appropriate treatment, which may include fillings, root canal therapy, tooth extraction, or other procedures.

Treatment for Tooth pain

The treatment for tooth pain will depend on the underlying cause. Here are some possible treatments:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers: Ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be taken to alleviate the pain.
  • Clove oil: Applying a small amount of clove oil to the affected tooth can provide temporary relief from the pain.
  • Saltwater rinse: Rinsing the mouth with warm salt water can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.
  • Dental filling: If the pain is caused by a cavity, a dental filling may be necessary to remove the decay and restore the tooth.
  • Root canal: If the tooth is infected, a root canal may be necessary to remove the infected pulp and save the tooth.
  • Tooth extraction: In some cases, a tooth may need to be extracted if it cannot be saved or if the pain is too severe.

It is important to see a dentist as soon as possible if you are experiencing tooth pain, as delaying treatment can lead to more serious problems.

Prevention of Tooth pain

Preventing dental cavities involves several steps that can be incorporated into daily oral hygiene habits. Here are some tips to help prevent dental cavities:

  • Brush twice a day: Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste to remove plaque and food particles from the teeth.
  • Floss daily: Flossing helps remove plaque and food particles from between the teeth and along the gum line, where a toothbrush may not reach.
  • Limit sugary and acidic foods: Sugary and acidic foods and drinks can contribute to the formation of cavities by feeding the bacteria in your mouth that produce acid.
  • Use fluoride: Fluoride is a mineral that can help strengthen the enamel of your teeth and make them more resistant to decay. You can get fluoride from toothpaste, mouthwash, and even tap water in some areas.
  • Chew sugar-free gum: Chewing sugar-free gum can help stimulate saliva flow, which can neutralize the acid in the mouth and help wash away food particles and bacteria.
  • Visit the dentist regularly: Regular dental checkups and cleanings can help detect and prevent cavities before they become more serious.

By following these simple steps, you can help prevent the formation of dental cavities and maintain good oral health

Medicines For Tooth pain

Here are some over-the-counter medicines that can help alleviate tooth pain:

  • Acetaminophen: This is a pain reliever that can help reduce tooth pain. 
  • Ibuprofen: This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that can help reduce inflammation and relieve tooth pain. 
  • Aspirin: This is another NSAID that can help relieve tooth pain. 
  • Benzocaine: This is a local anesthetic that can be applied directly to the affected tooth to help numb the pain. It is often found in oral gels and liquids.

It’s important to note that these medications can help alleviate the pain, but they do not address the underlying cause of the tooth pain. It’s important to see a dentist if you have persistent tooth pain to determine the cause and receive appropriate treatment.

  • Aceclofenac
  • Aspirin
  • Bromfenac
  • Choline Salicylate
  • Dexibuprofen
  • Diclofenac
  • Etodolac
  • Ibuprofen
  • Ketoprofen
  • Ketorolac
  • Methyl Salicylate
  • Naproxen
  • Nepafenac
  • Nimesulide
  • Oxaprozin
  • Paracetamol
  • Piroxicam

  • Indomethacin
  • Dexketoprofen
  • Metamizole
  • Felbinac
  • Phenazone
  • Tolmetin
  • Benzydamine
  • Diclofenac diethylamine
  • S-Etodolac
  • Methyl Sulfonyl
  • Methane
  • Nabumetone
  • Oxyphenbutazone
  • Phenylbutazone
  • Beta-Cyclodextrin
  • Flurbiprofen
  • Zaltoprofen
  • Potassium Nitrate