Dermatitis: Symptoms, Treatment & medicines


Dermatitis is a medical condition that refers to inflammation of the skin. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including irritants, allergens, infections, or underlying medical conditions. Symptoms of dermatitis typically include redness, itching, and sometimes blistering or oozing of the affected area. There are several types of dermatitis, including contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis (eczema), seborrheic dermatitis, and nummular dermatitis. Treatment for dermatitis depends on the underlying cause and may include topical or oral medications, lifestyle changes, and avoiding triggers that worsen the condition.

What is the main cause of Dermatitis?

Dermatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the skin. There are several types of dermatitis, and the causes may vary depending on the specific type. However, the most common cause of dermatitis is an allergic reaction or irritation of the skin due to exposure to certain substances or environmental factors. Some of the substances that can cause dermatitis include soaps, detergents, perfumes, cosmetics, jewelry, metals, and latex. Other factors that can contribute to dermatitis include stress, hormonal changes, genetics, and certain medical conditions such as autoimmune disorders. It’s important to identify the specific cause of dermatitis and avoid exposure to the trigger to prevent flare-ups.

Symptoms of Dermatitis

Some common symptoms of dermatitis include:

  • Redness: The skin affected by dermatitis may appear red, irritated, and inflamed.
  • Itching: Itching is a common symptom of dermatitis, and it can be severe.
  • Dryness: The affected skin may become dry, scaly, and cracked.
  • Swelling: Dermatitis can cause the skin to swell and become puffy.
  • Blisters: In some cases, dermatitis may lead to the formation of small blisters or vesicles.
  • Crusting: The skin may become crusty, flaky, or develop small scabs.
  • Pain: The affected skin may be painful or tender to the touch.
  • Oozing: Some types of dermatitis, such as contact dermatitis, may cause oozing of clear or yellowish fluid from the affected area.

It’s essential to seek medical advice if you have any of these symptoms, as some types of dermatitis may require specific treatment

how to diagnose Dermatitis?

Here are some steps to diagnose dermatitis:

  • Medical history: Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, including any skin problems you have had in the past, your family history of skin conditions, and your lifestyle habits.
  • Physical exam: Your doctor will examine the affected area of your skin to check for any signs of dermatitis, such as redness, swelling, and blisters.
  • Allergy testing: If your doctor suspects that your dermatitis is caused by an allergy, they may recommend allergy testing to identify the specific allergen that is triggering your symptoms.
  • Patch test: If your dermatitis is suspected to be caused by contact with a specific substance, your doctor may perform a patch test. This involves applying small amounts of different substances to your skin to see if they cause an allergic reaction.
  • Skin biopsy: In some cases, a skin biopsy may be necessary to diagnose dermatitis. This involves removing a small sample of skin from the affected area and examining it under a microscope to identify any abnormalities.

It’s important to see a dermatologist or healthcare professional if you suspect you have dermatitis, as they can provide you with an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

Treatment for Dermatitis

 In general, treatment optionsfor dermatitis may include:

  • Topical corticosteroids: These are anti-inflammatory medications that can help reduce itching, redness, and swelling.
  • Topical calcineurin inhibitors: These are immunosuppressant medications that can help reduce inflammation and itching.
  • Antihistamines: These medications can help relieve itching and reduce inflammation.
  • Moisturizers: Using a fragrance-free moisturizer regularly can help keep the skin hydrated and reduce dryness.
  • Wet compresses: Applying cool, wet compresses to the affected area can help reduce itching and inflammation.
  • Avoiding irritants: Avoiding irritants that trigger your dermatitis can help prevent further flare-ups.
  • Phototherapy: This involves exposing the affected skin to controlled amounts of UV light and can be effective in treating certain types of dermatitis.

In addition to these treatment options, it’s important to maintain good skin hygiene, avoid scratching, and manage stress levels. In severe cases, oral medications or injections may be necessary, and your dermatologist can provide personalized advice and treatment options

Prevention of Dermatitis

  • Avoid irritants: Identify and avoid irritants that may trigger your dermatitis. This could include certain fabrics, soaps, detergents, or chemicals.
  • Moisturize: Use a fragrance-free moisturizer regularly to help keep your skin hydrated and prevent dryness, which can lead to dermatitis.
  • Wear protective clothing: If you are exposed to irritants or allergens, wear protective clothing such as gloves, long sleeves, and hats to reduce skin exposure.
  • Practice good hygiene: Keep your skin clean by washing with a gentle, fragrance-free soap and warm water. Avoid hot water, which can strip your skin of natural oils and lead to dryness.
  • Manage stress: Stress can aggravate dermatitis symptoms, so it’s important to find ways to manage stress levels, such as through exercise, meditation, or other relaxation techniques.
  • Avoid scratching: Avoid scratching or rubbing the affected area, as this can worsen symptoms and lead to infection.
  • Consult a dermatologist: If you have a history of dermatitis or other skin conditions, consult with a dermatologist who can provide personalized advice and treatment options.

By taking these steps, you can help reduce your risk of developing dermatitis or manage symptoms if you have already been diagnosed with the condition.

Medicines For Dermatitis

The medicines that are commonly used to treat dermatitis include:

  • Topical corticosteroids: These are anti-inflammatory medications that are applied directly to the affected skin. Examples include hydrocortisone, triamcinolone, and betamethasone.
  • Topical calcineurin inhibitors: These are immunosuppressant medications that are also applied directly to the affected skin. Examples include tacrolimus and pimecrolimus.
  • Antihistamines: These are medications that can help reduce itching and inflammation. Examples include diphenhydramine, cetirizine, and loratadine.
  • Topical antibiotics: These medications are used to treat bacterial infections that can occur in areas of broken skin. Examples include mupirocin and fusidic acid.
  • Moisturizers: These are lotions or creams that can help keep the skin hydrated and reduce dryness, which can exacerbate dermatitis symptoms.


  • Benzoyl
  • Peroxide
  • Calamine
  • Camphor
  • Clobetasol
  • Coal Tar
  • Menthol
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Urea
  • Dithranol
  • Lactic Acid
  • Betamethasone + Zinc Sulfate
  • Fluocinolone acetonide + Benzoic Acid + Salicylic Acid
  • Trichloroacetic acid
  • Hydrocortisone + Miconazole
  • Liposomal Dithranol
  • Calamine + Aloe Vera + Liquid Paraffin
  • Triamcinolone Acetonide + Salicylic Acid
  • Ofloxacin + Clobetasol + Miconazole + Terbinafine + Dexpanthenol